According to historical records, Guanmiao District was once cultivated land belonging to the Siraya Singangshe settlement of the Pingpu peo-ple. When the Jheng Clan of the Ming Dynasty ruled Taiwan, Han set-tlers from Taijiang Lagoon (modern day Anping), Singang River of Su-hang (modern day Yanshui River), and upstream areas of Susian River (modern day Susian River), moved into Sinfong Village. The farming hamlets created by these settlers were known as Siangyangshe (the lo-cation of Siao Siangyang Minshe was already marked in military garri-son maps generated by the Jheng Clan). Prince Jheng Cheng-gong de-feated the Dutch in Taiwan and took over the island in the 15th Year of Ming Emperor Yongli. The Prince then initiated the Tuntian (military farming settlement) system to settle and provide for his men. The area of Guanmiao District was under the jurisdiction of Wannian Jhou. In 1718 (57th year of Cing Emperor Kangsi), the area was put under the jurisdiction of Taiwan County of Taiwan Prefecture. The settlers created a Shanxi Tang to worship Holy Emperor Guan. The areas around the temple were thus named as Miaojiezai (Temple street) or Guandimiao Jie (Emperor Guan's Temple Street). During the reign of Qing Emperor Guangsu, areas were renamed and the district was placed under Anping County of Tainan Prefecture. During the War of Jiawu (First Sino-Japanese War), Taiwan was forcibly ceded to Japan. Guanmiao Distict thus came under the jurisdiction of Tainan Ken during the Japanese Governor Generalship. During the Meiji Era, the area was renamed as Guandimiao Shicho under Tainan Cho. In 1920, the area was named in-feng Gun of Tainan Shu. However, later administration reforms re-established the area as Guanmiao Sho placed under the jurisdiction of Sinfong Gun of Tainan Ken. After the Second World War, the area was again renamed as Guanmiao Township of Tainan County, and later as-sumed its modern name of Guanmiao District on 25 December, 2010.
Guanmiao District is situated at the south of Tainan City. The district is bordered by Sinhua District to the north, Longci District to the east, Gueiren District to the west, and Alian and Tianliao districts of Kaohsiung City to the south.
Guanmiao is located at the intersection of Jianan Plain and Sinhua hills. Most of the districts to the north, south, and east are covered by hilly ter-rain, with the western side having more subtle topography. Susian River, a tributary of the Yanshui River, flows through the north. The southern side of the district would be the Er Ren River plains. Guanmiao has a tropical monsoon climate and is covered by bamboo forests. Easily ac-cessible bamboo forests meant that the region once achieved significant prosperity through the manufacturing of bamboo and rattan products, giving it the accolade of the Kingdom of Rattan Goods.
Guanmiao is known for Guanmiao San Bao (three treasures of Guan-miao) as a result of its unique natural environment. The three modern treasures are pineapples, green bamboo shoots, and Guanmiao noo-dles. The three treasures, however, referred to cane sugar, bamboo, and rattan products when the policy of agricultural support for industrial development was employed during Japanese occupation.
Sugarcane plantations used to be Taiwan's agricultural lifeblood and the island's most important commercial crop. The bamboo ware industry of Guanmiao was founded during the early Cing era, making it a traditional industry with over 3 centuries of history. The earliest bamboo ware in-cluded household utensils and agricultural tools. From 1961 to 1971, Guanmiao's rattan ware and processing facilities became Taiwan's larg-est center of production. Over 80% of the rattan ware produced in Guanmiao was sold elsewhere. So many manufacturers were estab-lished that people said a small workshop could be found every 3 steps, and a sizable facility could be found every 5 steps. Such were the ori-gins of the three original treasures of Guanmiao.
After 1976, areas of sugarcane fields and sugar production in Guanmiao both dropped drastically, while pineapple and bamboo shoot farms ex-panded in both size and yield during the 1980s. In 1997, then Guanmiao Township Office and the Farmer's Association had to decide upon the region's specialty in response to the One Specialty per Town policy to drive industrial transformation and market local produce. It was during this campaign that pineapples, bamboo shoots, and Guanmiao Noodles became the Modern 3 Treasures of Guanmiao.
Guanmiao is also home to many landmarks and destinations, making it perfect for visitors. These destinations include the renowned Shansi Gong (a famous religious site) and Cianfo Shan Puti Si (Temple of Bo-dhi at the Thousand Buddha Mountain). Other famous destinations in-clude Datanbi Park, Old Abode of the Fang Clan, Guanmiao Resting Ar-ea of South 2 Highway, a golf course off South 1 Highway, and Guan-miao Forest Park. Visitors to Guanmiao must add these spots to their list of places to visit. Authentic local delicacies include pineapples with free-range chicken, Guanmiao Lumian (noodles in broth), Guanmiao rice cakes, and bamboo feast.
Pineapples and bamboo shoots are leading agricultural specialties of Guanmiao. In order to promote local culture, both the regional govern-ment and civil groups have worked together to host pineapple and bam-boo cultural festival every summer. A diverse selection of activities are provided to attract visitors to Guanmiao and celebrate the event togeth-er. Some of these activities include sampling of gourmet-grade pineap-ple cakes, exhibits of farm produce, woven bamboo artworks, DIY chil-dren's toys, bamboo and rattan craft work exhibits, first-hand experi-ences in farming life, bamboo ware exhibits, park tours, farm produce exhibits and eco-tours, art performances, and cultural banquets.